BME Doctoral Dissertation Defense:  Atahar Mostafa

Apr 26
4:00 PM
Room 218, Whitaker Hall

Title: Diffuse Optical Tomography Using Semiautomated Coregistered Ultrasound Measurements

Abstract:
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has demonstrated huge potential in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment monitoring. DOT image reconstruction guided by ultrasound (US) improves the diffused light localization and lesion reconstruction accuracy. However, DOT reconstruction depends on tumor geometry provided by coregistered US. Experienced operators can manually measure these lesion parameters; however, training and measurement time are needed. The wide clinical use of this technique depends on its robustness and faster imaging reconstruction capability. This article introduces a semiautomated procedure that automatically extracts lesion information from US images and incorporates it into the optical reconstruction. An adaptive thresholdbased image segmentation is used to obtain tumor boundaries. For some US images, posterior shadow can extend to the chest wall and make the detection of deeper lesion boundary difficult. This problem can be solved using a Hough transform. The proposed procedure was validated from data of 20 patients. Optical reconstruction results using the proposed procedure were compared with those reconstructed using extracted tumor information from an experienced user. Mean optical absorption obtained from manual measurement was 0.21  0.06 cm−1 for malignant and 0.12  0.06 cm−1 for benign cases, whereas for the proposed method it was 0.24  0.08 cm−1 and 0.12  0.05 cm−1, respectively.

Organizer / Host: Dr. Quing Zhu