BME Seminar: Vivek Jayaraman

Sep 12
10:00 AM
Room 218, Whitaker Hall

Vivek Jayaraman, PhD
Senior Group Leader and Head of Mechanistic Cognitive Neuroscience
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

The Generation and Use of an Internal Representation of Heading That is Flexible Yet Stable

Abstract:
Theoretical studies have long suggested that internal representations most prominently associated with mammalian navigation —such as head direction cells, grid cells, and place cells— are maintained by attractor dynamics. The size and complexity of the mammalian brain, however, has made it difficult to test models that seek to explain how such network dynamics are generated and used for navigational behavior. We study attractor dynamics in the fly, Drosophila melanogaster, which displays many navigational behaviors, including path integration and spatial memory. We are combining physiology, optogenetics, and behavior with electron microscopic circuit reconstruction and theoretical modeling to understand the cellular and circuit basis of recurrent circuit dynamics in the context of such adaptive navigation. In this talk, I will focus on how network plasticity enables the fly to navigate in diverse settings by flexibly transforming visual cues into a stable internal representation of heading.

Organizer / Host: Barani Raman