Preliminary Research Exam: Jingwei Lu

Aug 9, 2017
9 a.m.
Green Hall, Room 0120

PhD Candidate, Jingwei Lu, will present "Auxiliary Sinogram Alternating Minimization (ASAM) for X-ray CT with Incomplete Date."

Abstract: X-ray computed tomography (CT) reconstruction has evolved over 40 years for medical, security and industrial applications. Reconstructing X-ray CT images from incomplete measurement data is not an uncommon situation. One of the examples of incomplete data is the existence of metal objects in clinical X-ray CT scan. Due to the high linear attenuation coefficients of metals, we get low photon counts on the detectors and this photon starvation will result in streaking artifacts and noisy reconstructions. To deal with this problem, we develop a new algorithm, called Auxiliary Sinogram Alternating Minimization (ASAM), to reduce metalartifacts in X-ray CT imaging. The ASAM introduces an auxiliary sinogram domain that synchronizes preprocessing methods and iterative algorithms, which both are effective in reducing metal-artifacts, into a dual domain optimization problem. The pre-processing operator is expressed as a constrained optimization problem and we can quantitatively control its performance. Compared with the traditional iterative algorithms, we do not introduce extra computation consumption, such that we still maintain good speed performance. With different designs of constraints on the auxiliary sinogram domain and the image domain, the ASAM can involve different pre-processing methods and prior knowledge to reduce metal-artifacts, which is more flexible than traditional iterative algorithms. By phantom study and real patient study, we show our algorithm outperforms other metalartifact reduction methods in image quality with relatively fast convergence.

Dissertation advisor: Professor Joseph O’Sullivan

Organizer / Host: Shauna Dollison, sdollison@wustl.edu